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CLUSTER 4 - RELIGIOUS INSTITUTIONS AND DOCTRINES

by claire - published on , updated on

LEM’s Research sites

The CERCOR

The Nouvelle Gallia Judaica

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THIERRY PÉCOUT
L’institution ou le religion en politique

The cluster "Religious institutions and doctrines (Europe and the medieval and modern Mediterranean)" is thematically focused on the relationship between religious doctrines, medieval and modern, and environments or institutions, religious or civil.
From a structural point of view, it includes most of the modernist historians of the LEM, the CERCOR (European Centre for Research on Religious Communities, Congregations and Orders), and the " Nouvelle Gallia judaica " (focusing on medieval Judaism).
- >https://ngj.hypotheses.org/].

4 axis :
- Methods of controversy and authorities
- Monastic Traditions
- Gathering together, union and orthopraxies
- Religious institutions and political authorities

 

| Methods of controversy and authorities (More information)

A contextualist approach will be shared here, and the role played by the authorities will be examined, particularly in arbitration and in the resolution of controversies. A keen interest is taken in the intellectual methods of controversy, the contributions of literary pragmatics, codicology and the history of the book.
The following will be examined:
- the debates over grace, with the definition of the different modern theological schools;
-  the controversies around the Trinity;
-  the homiletic register of controversy in Protestantism.
-  the controversies over images

| Monastic traditions (More information)

The aim is to continue the work on the Benedictine tradition, the history of the Carthusian order, and the study of the Chaise-Dieu Abbey’s network.
A European partnership is envisaged to extend the Col&mon project (Collegiate Colleges and Monasteries project), financed by the National Research Agency (ANR) of the CNRS and in relation to HumaNum. Ongoing research on monastic rules and their transgressions, on monastic reforms and on monastic sanctity will be continued.

| Gathering together, union and orthopraxies (More information)

This axis aims at questioning both the request for religious unity, union or re-union, and its modalities, but also the resistance that such a demand can arouse; and these demands or refusals of union will be studied in relation to practices: orthopraxies or heteropraxies, accepted or rejected by religious groups. Thus, the union organizing process of Jewish, neophyte and Marran minorities in the Middle Ages will be studied; the injunctions of reunion of Catholics against Protestants, and the way Protestants form a community in response to this injunction; the heterodox proposals on how to make religious union by minimizing the rites; the Christian Kabbalah; the secret communication when a religious group must hide itself, but needs to find signs of recognition.

| Religious institutions and political authorities (More information)

It articulates the history of religious institutions and that of social and political communities.
Slow movements of assembly led during the medieval period to the emergence of States, as well as to a specific mode of control and political discourse. This process will be studied on the basis of a history of the structures and methods of government practised in local churches or Christian communities – and Jewish minorities – as well as in principalities. The goal is to understand how religion and belief are at the heart of institutionalisation processes. A sociological survey be carried out, analysing the place occupied by the episcopate, canonical and regular circles in the political societies.
The question of violence will also be examined, whether institutional or not: the war conducted by clerics – in confrontation to the seigniorial order – and the revolts against the episcopal seigniory.
The relationship of Christian religious to normativity will be studied in two directions: that of ecclesiastical justice (modalities, competition and struggle for power) and that of canonization trials.

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